ARDITI, ALBERT JUDAH


ARDITI, ALBERT JUDAH
ARDITI, ALBERT JUDAH (1891–1942), Greek socialist leader. Arditi, who was born in Salonika, was a paper merchant. He devoted his life to the Salonika socialist movement, the Salonikan Federation (the Socialist Labor Federation of Salonika), of which he was one of the founders in late spring 1909. He organized the city's trade union movement, contributed to the labor newspaper La Solidaredad Obradera, later called Avanti, and became its editor. He pulled the movement together when liberal criticism from joseph nehama and former students of the Alliance Israélite Universelle within the Federation almost fragmented the movement. When movement leader avraham ben-aroya was exiled in 1912, Arditi filled in as editor-in-chief of Avanti. He was one of the Federation's foremost leaders, but yet a simple activist and devoted Socialist. In December 1912, after Salonika was captured by Greece, Arditi was sentenced to three years' imprisonment for insulting the Greek king in one of his newspaper's articles. In opposition to the collaboration of the Federation with the royalist conservative political establishment, Arditi, together   with a small group of activists from the Federation, split off from the Federation in the summer of 1915. Arditi served as deputy mayor of Salonika and was a member of the Jewish Communal Council. A staunch fighter for his socialist ideals, he was outspoken and courageous in his public statements and was imprisoned by the authorities for his views. During World War II, Arditi, his wife, and children were deported to Birkenau and murdered by the Nazis. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: G.B. Leon, "The Greek Socialist Movement And The First World War: The Road To Unity," in: Eastern European Quarterly (1976), 26; D. Quataert, "The Workers of Salonica, 1850–1912," in: D. Quataert and Erik J. Zurcher (eds.), Workers and the Working Class in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic 18391950 (1995), 59–74; DA. Recanati (ed.), Zikhron Saloniki, I (1972), 317–18. (Baruch Uziel / Yitzchak Kerem (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PRESS — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction in australia and new zealand in belgium in canada in czechoslovakia in england yiddish press in france in germany and austria between the two world wars after world war ii… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • YUGOSLAVIA — ( Land of the Southern Slavs ), until 1991 a Socialist Federated Republic in S.E. Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula. The various elements of which Yugoslav Jewry was composed after 1918 (i.e., those of Serbia and the Austro Hungarian countries)… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Der Stürmer — 1934 Stürmer special issue, image shows Jews extracting blood from Christian children for use in religious rituals (the Blood libel against Jews) The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.